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The Barn Owl is found on every continent except Antarctica. In America it is considered partly migratory in the northeast, although many remain throughout the winter. This owl is endangered in many states and threatened or vulnerable in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, and Maryland. The change of land-use for development and agricultural practices has led to a decline in the Barn Owl population. The shift from pasture to row crops and loss of nesting sites are the greatest threats to this species, especially since these changes affect the availability of rodents, its main source of food.